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2019年长春大学高等特殊教育招生考试大纲:视障【英语】

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长春大学高等特殊教育招生考试大纲
(英语·视障)
Ⅰ.考核目标与要求
一、考核目标
通过考查学生语言技能、语言知识来培养学生跨文化交际意识和跨文化交际能力,从而引导学生在理解文章内容和作者观点态度的基础上深入思考人与自然的关系,体会和谐发展之道。
二、考核要求
根据教育部《普通高中英语课程标准(2017版)》(以下简称《标准》),考生一般应达到《标准》中规定的最低水平。视障生招生英语考试主要考察考生应该学习和掌握的英语语言基础知识,包括词汇、语法、阅读、交际用语、书面表达和翻译等内容。
Ⅱ.考试范围与要求
普通高中课程标准实验教科书英语必修1、2、3、4为必考范围。英语必修5为选修内容。试题难度一般不超出初中三年级至高中三年级近几年人教版各册教材中的习题、复习题的难度。考虑到视障考生的实际情况,现对有关考试内容、知识点的考试要求及考生应具备的能力说明如下:
一、词汇
(一)要求考生基本了解和掌握《标准》词汇表中3000个单词。(见附录1)
(二)要求考生掌握2500个单词拼写、词语释义、构词法及词汇运用。
二、语法(见附录2)
要求考生在语法方面应掌握:
(一)熟知冠词表示泛指和特指的基本用法。掌握冠词的固定搭配以及冠词的一些特殊用法,能在具体的语境中正确使用冠词。
(二)掌握单数可数名词变复数的规则,掌握名词所有格的表示方法。明确哪些名词属于不可数名词,了解不可数名词的性质。熟悉名词的固定短语和搭配。
(三)了解代词的基本用法。熟练掌握人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、指示代词、不定代词及疑问代词的用法。准确把握it表示时间、距离、天气,it的固定句型及it作形式主语、形式宾语等的用法。
(四)掌握数词的基本用法,能在具体的语境中正确使用基数词或序数词。
(五)掌握介词的常见用法及易混介词的辨析。掌握由介词构成的一些固定短语。
(六)明确形容词和副词的功能。牢固掌握形容词和副词比较等级的基本句型、修饰语及其在句中的位置。能在不同语境中辨析形容词和副词的词义。
(七)了解并能正确运用10种时态,熟练运用一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时、现在进行时、过去进行时、现在完成时。掌握几种易混时态的区别,如现在完成时和一般过去时。熟知各种时态的被动语态的形式和用法。
(八)了解并能正确运用7种被动语态,熟练运用一般现在时的被动语态、一般过去时的被动语态、一般将来时的被动语态、现在进行时的被动语态、现在完成时的被动语态。
(九)了解三种非谓语动词的基本用法,掌握动词不定式作宾语、补语、目的状语、定语等的用法。动词-ing形式作定语、状语、补语等用法。动词-ed形式作定语、状语、补语等用法。
(十)掌握can, could, may, might, must, will, would, shall, should, ought to, need, dare, be able to, used to等情态动词的基本用法。
(十一)掌握定语从句的基本用法。区别限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。熟知关系代词和关系副词的用法,并能正确使用。
(十二)掌握名词性从句的基本用法及引导词在名词性从句中的作用。
(十三)了解9种状语从句的基本作用及用法、位置等,熟知每一种状语从句的连词。掌握状语从句中的时态、语态、省略及一些常考重点句型。
(十四)掌握主谓一致。
(十五)掌握倒装句、强调句、祈使句、感叹句、反义疑问句和虚拟语气的用法。
三、完形填空
完形填空旨在测试考生的综合理解能力和语言运用能力。要求考生能够去领悟一篇有空缺的语篇,通篇考察、推出“未知”内容,具有主观性测试和客观性测试的双重特点。
在语篇中既考察考生的英语基础知识,即语法、词汇知识,又考察考生运用所学的语言知识的能力,如词义辨析、词语搭配、习惯用法,包括语言交际、文化背景和社会风俗等,同时还要求考生必须具备良好的把握上下文行文逻辑的能力和整个篇章结构的能力。
四、阅读理解
阅读理解旨在考查考生理解不同题材和体裁的书面材料以及从中获取信息的能力。要求考生能基本读懂与学生个人、家庭和学校生活密切相关的材料或文章,能读懂有关日常生活的简短文字材料,例如人物故事、科普知识、社会文化、新闻广告、介绍说明等一般性话题的简短文段。
考生应具备以下能力:
(一)理解主旨要义。
(二)理解文中具体信息。
(三)根据上下文推断单词和短语的含义。
(四)作出判断和推理。
(五)理解文章的基本结构;
(六)理解作者的意图、观点和态度。
五、日常交际用语
要求考生熟练掌握最常见的交际用语、表达方式。如购物、问路、打电话、看病、就餐、道歉、感谢、劝告、请求等。
六、翻译
(一)要求考生能够将熟悉的英语短文或英语单句翻译成汉语,英语短文不超过150个词。
(二)要求考生能够将简单的汉语句子翻译成英语。
七、书面表达
要求考生根据所给的题目,用英语写一篇短文。书面表达包括命题作文(以提纲式为主)、话题(包括学校生活、人物介绍、生态健康、社会热点、人生感悟等)或应用文(以书信为主)。
考生应具备以下能力:
(一)能准确使用语法和词汇。
(二)书面表达问候、告别、感谢、介绍等。
(三)使用一定的句型、词汇,清楚、连贯地表达自己的意思。
Ⅲ.考试形式与试卷结构
本考题采取标准化考试形式。试题采用客观性的单项选择题和主观题的形式。
一、考试方式:笔试、闭卷。
二、考试分值:100分。
三、题型及分值比例:试卷一般可包括单项选择40%、完形填空10%、阅读理解20%、完成对话10%、有提示书面表达20%或翻译20%等题型。(注:赋分、各类题型比例可略调整)
四、试卷难易比例:试卷包括容易题、中等题和难题,以中等题为主。
五、组卷原则:试题主要按题型、难度进行排列。客观题在前,主观题在后。同一题型试题尽量按由易到难的顺序排列。

附录1 词汇表
说明:
本词汇表共收3000个单词,含义务教育阶段要求掌握的1500个单词。高中英语必修课程应学习和掌握500个单词(表中加有一个*号),累计达2000。选择性必修课程应学习和掌握1000个单词(表中加有两个*号),累计达3000。各地可根据实际情况在本词汇表所收词的基础上,再选择增加200个单词。

A
a(an)
abandon**
ability
able
abnormal**
aboard**
about
above
abroad
absence**
absent
absolutely*
absorb**
abstract**
abuse**
academic**
accent**
accept
access**
accident*
accommodation**
accompany**
according to
account*
accurate**
accuse**
ache*
achieve
achievement*
acid**
acknowledge**
acquire*
across
act
action
active
activity
actor
actress
actually*
AD**
adapt*
adaptation**
add
addict*
addition*
address
adjust**
administration**
admire*
admit*
adopt**
adorable**
adult*
advance*
advantage
adventure*
advertise**
advertisement(ad) **
advice
advise
advocate**
affair*
affect**
afford
afraid
Africa
African
after
afternoon
afterward**
again
against
age
agency**
agenda**
ago
agree
agreement
agriculture*
ahead*
aid*
aim*
air
airline**
airport
alarm*
alcohol**
alive
all
allow
almost
alone
along
alongside**
aloud
already
also
alternative**
although
altogether**
always
a.m.*
amateur**
amazing*
ambition**
ambitious**
ambulance**
America
American
among
amount*
amuse**
analyse(analyze)**
ancestor**
ancient
and
anger**
angle**
angry
animal
ankle**
announce*
annoy**
annual*
another
answer
ant
anticipate**
antique**
anxiety**
anxious*
any
anybody
anyhow**
anyone
anything
anyway
anywhere
apart**
apartment*
apologise(apologize) *
apparently**
appeal**
appear
appetite**
applaud**
apple
applicant**
application*
apply*
appointment**
appreciate**
approach*
appropriate**
approve**
April
arch**
architect**
area
argue*
arise*
arm
army
around
arrangement*
arrest**
arrive
arrow**
art
article
artificial**
artist
as
ashamed**
Asia
Asian
aside**
ask
asleep
aspect*
assess**
assign**
assistant**
association**
assume*
assumption**
astonish**
astronaut**
astronomer**
at
athlete*
Atlantic*
atmosphere**
attach*
attack*
attain**
attempt*
attend
attention
attitude*
attract*
audience*
August
aunt
Australia
Australian
author*
authority*
automatic**
autonomous**
autumn
available**
average*
avoid
awake
award*
aware*
away
awesome**
awful
awkward*
B
baby
back
background
backward**
bacon**
bad
badminton*
bag
bakery**
balance*
ball
ballet*
balloon
bamboo
ban**
banana
band*
bank
bar*
barbecue**
barely**
bark**
barrier**
base*
baseball
basic
basin**
basis*
basket
basketball
bat**
bath**
bathroom
battery*
battle*
bay**
BC**
be(am, are, is)
beach
bean
bean curd(tofu) **
bear
beard**
beat
beautiful
beauty**
because
become
bed
bedroom
beef
beer
before
begin
behalf**
behave**
behaviour(behavior) *
behind
being**
belief**
believe
bell
belong*
below
belt*
bend**
beneath*
benefit*
beside
best
bet**
better
between
beyond*
big
bike(bicycle)
bill
billion**
biology**
bird
birth
birthday
biscuit
bit
bite*
bitter**
black
blackboard
blame**
blank**
blanket**
bleed**
bless**
blind
block
blog*
blood
blouse
blow
blue
board
boat
body
boil**
bomb**
bond**
bone
bonus**
book
boost**
boot*
border**
bored
boring
born
borrow
boss
botanical**
both
bother**
bottle
bottom
bounce**
bound**
boundary**
bow**
bowl
bowling**
box
boxing*
boy
brain
branch*
brave
bread
break
breakfast
breast**
breath**
breathe*
brick**
bride/bridegroom**
bridge
brief*
bright
brilliant**
bring
Britain
British
broad*
broadcast**
brochure*
brother
brown
brush
budget**
buffet**
build
building
bunch**
burn
bury**
bus
business
busy
but
butcher**
butter*
button*
buy
by
C
cabbage**
cafe*
cafeteria**
cage**
cake
calculate**
calendar
call
calligraphy**
calm*
calorie**
camel**
camera
camp
campaign**
campus*
can
Canada
Canadian
canal**
cancel
cancer**
candidate**
candle
candy
canteen**
cap
capable*
capacity**
capital
capsule**
captain**
car
carbon**
card
care
career**
careful
careless
carpet**
carrot
carry
cartoon
carve**
case*
cash*
cast**
castle**
cat
catch
category**
cattle*
cause
cave**
cease**
ceiling**
celebrate
celebrity**
cell**
cent
centimetre (centimeter) **
central
centre(center)
century
certain
certainly
certificate**
chain*
chair
chairman/chairwoman**
chalk
challenge*
champion*
chance
change
channel**
chaos**
chapter*
character*
characteristic**
charge*
charity*
chart**
chat*
cheap
cheat**
check
cheek**
cheer
cheese**
chef**
chemical**
chemist**
chemistry
chess
chest**
chew**
chicken
chief*
child (pl. children)
China
china*
Chinese
chocolate
choice
choke**
choose
chopsticks
chorus**
Christmas
church**
cigarette**
cinema
circle
circuit**
circumstance**
circus**
cite**
citizen**
city
civil**
civilian**
civilisation(civilization) **
claim**
clap*
clarify**
class
classic**
classmate
classroom
clay**
clean
clear
clerk**
clever
click*
client**
climate*
climb
clinic**
clock
clone**
close
cloth**
clothes
cloud
cloudy
club
clue**
coach
coal
coast
coat
coffee
coin
cold
collapse**
collar**
collect
collection*
college
colour(color)
column**
combine**
come
comedy**
comfort**
comfortable
comic**
comment*
commercial**
commit**
commitment**
committee*
common
communicate
communication
communist**
community
company*
compare
comparison**
compete**
competence**
competition
complain
complete
complex**
complicated**
component**
compose**
composition**
comprehension**
comprehensive**
comprise**
computer
concentrate*
concept**
concern*
concert
conclude**
conclusion**
concrete**
condition
conduct*
conference*
confidence*
confirm*
conflict**
Confucianism**
Confucius**
confused**
congratulation*
connect
consequence**
conservation**
consider
consist**
consistent**
constant**
constitution**
construction**
consultant**
consultation**
consume**
consumption**
contact*
contain*
contemporary**
content*
contest**
context*
continent*
continue
contract**
contradictory**
contrary**
contrast**
contribution*
control
convenient*
conventional**
conversation
convince**
cook
cookie
cool
cooperate**
copy
core**
corn
corner
corporate**
correct
correspond**
cost
costume**
cottage**
cotton**
cough
could
council**
count
country
countryside
county*
couple
courage
course
court*
cousin
cover
coverage**
cow
crash*
crayon
crazy
cream**
create
creative*
creature**
credit*
crew**
crime**
crisis**
criterion (pl. criteria) **
critical**
criticise(criticize) **
crop**
cross
crowd*
crucial**
cruel**
cry
cuisine**
culture
cup
cupboard**
cure*
curious*
current*
curtain**
custom*
customer
cut
cute
cycle**
D
daily
damage**
damp**
dance
danger
dangerous
dare**
dark
data*
database**
date
daughter
day
dead
deadline**
deaf
deal
dear
death*
debate**
debt**
decade**
December
decent**
decide
decision
declare*
decline
decorate*
decrease**
deep
deer*
defeat**
defence(defense) *
defend**
definitely*
definition**
degree
delay**
delete**
delicate**
delicious
deliver*
demand**
demonstrate**
dentist**
deny**
department**
departure**
depend
depress**
depth**
describe
description*
desert*
deserve**
design*
desire*
desk
desperate**
despite*
dessert**
destination*
destroy*
detail*
detect**
detective**
determine*
develop
development
device**
devote**
diagram*
dialogue(dialog)
diamond**
diary
dictionary
die
diet*
differ**
difference
different
difficult
difficulty
dig
digest**
digital*
dignity**
dimension**
dining
dinner
dinosaur*
direct
direction
director
directory**
dirty
disability**
disabled**
disappear*
disappointed**
disaster*
discipline**
discount**
discover
discovery
discrimination**
discuss
discussion
disease*
dish
disk(disc) **
dismiss**
display**
distance*
distant**
distinct**
distinguish**
distribution**
district**
disturb**
dive**
diverse**
divide
division**
dizzy**
do
doctor
document*
dog
dollar
dolphin*
domain**
domestic**
dominate**
donate*
door
dormitory**
double
doubt
down
download*
downstairs*
downtown*
dozen**
draft**
drag**
dragon*
drama**
dramatic**
draw
drawer**
dream
dress
drill**
drink
drive
driver
drop
drought*
drug**
dry
duck
due to*
dumpling
duration**
during
dust**
duty*
dynamic**
dynasty**
E
each
eager*
eagle**
ear
early
earn*
earth
earthquake
ease**
east
eastern
easy
eat
ecology**
economic**
edge**
editor*
education
educator**
effect*
efficient**
effort*
egg
eight
eighteen
eighth
eighty
either
elder
elderly**
election**
electricity*
electronic
elegant**
element*
elephant
eleven
else
elsewhere**
email
embarrassed**
emerge**
emergency**
emotion**
emperor**
emphasis**
employ**
empty
enable*
encounter**
encourage
end
enemy
energetic*
energy*
engage**
engine*
engineer
England
English
enhance**
enjoy
enormous**
enough
ensure*
enter
enterprise**
entertainment**
enthusiastic**
entirely*
entitle**
entrance*
entry**
envelope*
environment
envy**
episode**
equal*
equator**
equipment*
era**
eraser
error*
erupt*
escape*
especially
essay**
essential**
establish*
estate**
estimate**
Europe
European
evaluate**
eve*
even
evening
event*
eventually*
ever
every
everybody
everyday
everyone
everything
everywhere
evidence**
exactly
exam(examination)
examine**
example
excellent
except
exceptional**
exchange*
excited
exciting
excuse
exercise
exhibition**
exist*
exit*
expand**
expansion**
expect
expectation**
expense**
expensive
experience
experiment*
expert*
explain
explode**
explore
export*
expose**
exposure**
express
extend**
extension**
extent*
external*
extinction*
extra*
extraordinary**
extremely*
eye
F
fabric**
face
facilitate**
facility*
fact
factor*
factory
fail
failure*
fair
faith**
fall
false**
familiar*
family
famous
fan
fancy*
fantastic
fantasy**
far
farm
farmer
fashion**
fast
fat
father(dad)
fault**
favour(favor)**
favourite(favorite)
fear
feature*
February
fee**
feed
feel
feeling
fellow**
female*
fence**
festival
fetch**
fever
few
fibre(fiber)**
fiction**
field
fifteen
fifth
fifty
fight
figure*
file*
fill
film
finally
finance**
financial**
find
finding**
fine
finger
finish
fire
firm**
first
fish
fisherman
fist**
fit
five
fix
flag
flash*
flat*
flavour(flavor)**
flexible*
flight*
flood*
floor
flour**
flow**
flower
flu**
fluent**
fly
focus*
foggy**
fold**
folk**
follow
fond**
food
foot (pl. feet)
football
for
force
forecast**
forehead**
foreign
forest
forever**
forget
forgive**
fork
form
formal*
format**
former*
fortunately*
forty
forward*
found**
foundation**
fountain**
four
fourteen
fourth
fox**
France
frank*
free
freedom**
freeze**
French
frequency**
frequently*
fresh
friction**
Friday
fridge(refrigerator)
friend
friendly
friendship
frightened*
frog**
from
front
frontier**
frost**
fruit
fry**
fuel**
full
fun
function*
fund*
fundamental**
funny
furniture**
further*
future
G
gain**
gallery**
game
gap*
garbage**
garden
garlic**
gas*
gate
gather*
gender**
general
generate**
generation*
generous*
genius**
gentle**
gentleman
genuine**
geography
geometry**
German
Germany
get
gift
gifted**
giraffe
girl
give
glad
glass
global*
globe**
glove
glue
go
goal*
goat**
gold
golf**
good
goodbye(bye)
goods*
government
grab**
grade
gradually**
graduate*
grain**
grammar
gramme(gram)**
grand**
granddaughter
grandfather(grandpa)
grandparent
grandson
grape
grasp**
grass
grateful**
gravity**
great
greedy**
green
greenhouse*
greet**
grey
grocery**
ground
group
grow
guarantee**
guard
guess
guest
guidance**
guide
guideline*
guilty**
guitar
gun
guy*
gym*
gymnastics*
H
habit
habitat**
hair
half
hall
ham**
hamburger
hand
handbag
handkerchief**
handle**
handsome
handwriting**
hang
happen
happy
hard
hardly
harm**
harmful
harmonious**
harmony**
harvest**
hat
hatch**
hate
have (has)
he
head
headache
health
healthy
hear
heart
heat
heavy
height
hello
help
helpful
hen
hence**
her
herb**
here
hero
hers
herself
hesitate*
hi
hide
high
highlight**
hike**
hill
him
himself
hire**
his
historic**
history
hit
hobby
hold
hole
holiday
home
hometown
homework
honest
honey*
honour(honor)*
hope
horrible*
horse
hospital
host*
hot
hotel
hour
house
household**
housework
housing**
how
however
hug*
huge
human
humble**
humorous
hundred
hungry
hunt**
hurricane*
hurry
hurt
husband
hydrogen**
I
I
ice
ice-cream
idea
ideal**
identical**
identify**
identity*
idiom**
if
ignore*
ill
illegal**
illness
illustrate*
image*
imagine
immediately*
impact*
imply**
import*
important
impossible
impress**
impression*
improve*
in
inch**
incident**
include
income*
increase
incredible**
indeed*
independent*
India
Indian
indicate*
individual*
industry
infection**
infer**
influence
influential**
information
initial**
initiative**
injury**
inner**
innocent**
innovation**
input**
inquire**
insect*
inside
insight**
insist**
inspection**
inspire*
instance**
instant**
instead
institute**
institution**
instruction
instrument
insurance**
integrate**
integrity**
intelligent*
intend*
intense**
intention**
interaction**
interest
interesting
internal**
international
Internet
interpret**
interrupt**
intervention**
interview
into
introduce
introduction
invent
invention
investigate**
investment**
invite
involve**
iron**
island
issue*
it
item**
its
itself
J
jacket
jam**
January
Japan
Japanese
jaw**
jazz**
jeans*
job
jog*
join
joint**
joke
journal*
journalist**
journey
joy*
judge*
juice
July
jump
June
jungle**
junior*
just
justice*
justify**
K
kangaroo*
keep
kettle**
key
keyboard
kick
kid
kill
kilo(kilogramme, kilogram)
kilometre(kilometer)
kind
kindergarten**
king
kingdom**
kiss
kit**
kitchen
kite
knee
knife
knock
know
knowledge
L
lab(laboratory)
label**
labour(labor) **
lack**
lady
lake
lamb**
lamp**
land
landscape**
language
lantern*
lap*
laptop**
large
last
late
later
laugh
launch**
law
lawyer**
lay
lazy
lead
leader
leadership**
leaf
league**
leak**
learn
least
leather**
leave
lecture*
left
leg
legal**
leisure**
lemon
lend
length*
less
lesson
let
letter
level
liberation**
liberty**
librarian**
library
license**
lie
life
lift
light
like
likely*
limit**
limited*
line
link**
lion
liquid**
list
listen
literally**
literary**
literature*
litter
little
live
lively
living*
load**
loan**
local
location*
lock
log**
logical**
London
lonely
long
look
loose**
lose
loss*
lot
loud
love
lovely
low
lower**
luck
lucky
lunar**
lunch
lung**
luxury**
M
machine
mad
madam**
magazine
magic
mail**
main
maintain*
major*
majority*
make
male*
man (pl. men)
manage
manager
mankind**
manner**
many
map
marathon**
March
march*
mark
market
marriage*
marry
mass**
massive**
master*
match
material**
maths(mathematics)
matter
mature**
maximum**
May
may
maybe
me
meal
mean
meaning
means**
measure*
meat
mechanic**
medal*
medical
medicine
medium (pl. media) *
meet
meeting
member
membership**
memorial**
memory*
mental*
mention
menu
mercy**
merely**
merry*
mess
message
metal*
method
metre(meter)
microscope**
middle
midnight*
might
mild**
mile
military*
milk
millimetre(millimeter) **
million**
mind
mine
mineral**
minimum**
minister**
minor**
minority**
minute
mirror**
Miss
miss
missile**
missing
mission**
mist**
mistake
mix
mixture**
mobile phone
mode**
model
modern
moment*
Monday
money
monitor**
monkey
month
monthly**
mood**
moon
moral**
more
moreover*
morning
mosquito**
most
mostly**
mother(mum)
motion**
motivate**
motive**
motor**
mount**
mountain
mouse (pl. mice)
mouth
move
movement*
movie
Mr
Mrs
Ms
much
mud**
multiple**
murder**
muscle**
museum
mushroom**
music
musician
must
my
myself
N
nail**
name
narrow*
nation*
national
nationality*
native**
natural
nature
navy**
near
nearby*
nearly
neat*
necessary
neck
need
needle**
negative*
negotiate**
neighbour(neighbor)
neighbourhood (neighborhood) **
neither
nephew**
nervous
nest**
net**
network**
never
nevertheless**
new
news
newspaper
next
nice
niece**
night
nine
nineteen
ninety
ninth
no
noble**
nobody
nod
noise
noisy
none
noodle
noon
nor
normal*
north
northern
nose
not
note
notebook
nothing
notice
novel**
novelist**
November
now
nowadays*
nowhere*
nuclear**
number
nurse
nut*
nutrition**
O
object
objective**
observe*
obtain**
obviously*
occasion*
occupation**
occupy**
occur*
ocean*
o’clock
October
odd*
of
off
offer
office
officer
official*
often
oil
OK
old
Olympics
on
once
one
onion**
online
only
onto*
open
opera*
operation*
operator**
opinion*
opponent**
opportunity*
oppose**
opposite
optimistic**
option*
or
orange
orbit**
order
ordinary*
organ**
organic**
organisation(organization) *
origin**
original*
other
otherwise*
ought to*
our
ours
ourselves
out
outcome**
outgoing**
outline**
output**
outside
outstanding**
over
overall**
overcome**
overseas*
owe**
own
oxygen*
P
pace**
Pacific
pack**
package*
page
pain
paint
pair
palace
pale
pan**
pancake
panda
panel**
panic**
paper
paragraph**
parcel**
pardon
parent
park
parking**
part
participate**
particular*
partner*
party
pass
passage
passenger
passion**
passive*
passport
past
patent**
path*
patience**
patient
pattern*
pay
PE (physical education)
peace
peak**
pear
pen
pencil
people
pepper**
per*
perceive**
percent*
percentage*
perfect
performance*
perhaps
period
permanent**
permit*
person
personal
personality*
persuade**
pessimistic**
pet
petrol*
phase**
phenomenon**
philosophy**
phone
photo(photograph)
photographer**
phrase**
physician**
physics
piano*
pick
picnic
picture
pie
piece
pig
pill**
pilot
pink
pioneer
pipe**
pity
place
plain**
plan
plane
planet
plant
plastic**
plate*
platform**
play
player
playground
pleasant**
please
pleasure
plenty
plot**
plug**
plus*
p.m. *
pocket
poem
poet**
poetry*
point
poison*
polar**
pole*
police
policeman/policewoman
policy*
polish**
polite
political**
politician**
politics**
pollute
pollution
pond**
pool
poor
popular(pop)
population
pork**
port*
pose**
position*
positive*
possession**
possible
post
postcard
poster*
postman
postpone*
pot**
potato
potential**
pound
pour**
power*
practical**
practice
praise
pray**
precious**
precisely**
predict**
prefer*
preference**
prejudice**
premier**
prepare
present
presentation**
preserve**
president
press*
pressure*
pretend**
pretty
prevent*
previous*
price
pride
primary
primitive**
principle**
print
prior**
priority**
prison**
private
prize
probably
problem
procedure*
proceed**
process*
produce
product
profession**
professional*
professor**
profile**
profit*
programme(program)
progress
prohibit**
project
promise
promote**
pronounce
pronunciation
proof**
proper
property**
proposal*
prospect**
protect
protein**
protest*
proud
prove*
provide
province*
psychology**
pub**
public
publish*
pudding*
pull
punish
pupil
purchase**
pure**
purple
purpose
purse**
pursue**
push
put
Q
qualification**
qualify**
quality*
quantity**
quarter
queen
question
quick
quiet
quit*
quite
quote**
R
rabbit
race
racial**
radiation**
radio
radium**
railway
rain
rainbow**
rainy
raise
random**
range*
rank**
rapid
rare**
rate*
rather*
rating**
raw**
ray**
reach
react**
reaction*
read
ready
real
realise (realize)
realistic**
reality**
really
reason
recall**
receipt**
receive
recently
receptionist**
recipe**
recite**
recognise(recognize)*
recognition**
recommend*
record
recording**
recover*
recreation**
recycle**
red
reduce*
refer*
reference**
reflect*
reform**
refresh**
refuse
regard*
regardless**
region*
register**
regret
regular*
reject**
relate**
relationship
relative
relax
relay**
release**
relevant**
reliable**
relief*
rely**
remain
remarkable**
remember
remind*
remote**
remove*
rent**
repair
repeat
replace*
reply
report
represent*
representative**
republic*
reputation**
request*
require
rescue**
research
reserve**
resident**
resign**
resistance**
resolution**
resolve**
resource*
respect*
respective**
respond*
response*
responsibility**
responsible*
rest
restaurant
restore**
restrict**
result
retire*
return
reveal*
review
revise*
reward**
rhyme**
rice
rich
riddle**
ride
right
rigid**
ring
ripe**
rise
risk
river
road
roast**
robot
rock
rocket**
role
roll*
romantic*
roof**
room
root**
rope
rose
round
route**
routine**
row
royal**
rubber**
rubbish
rude**
rugby**
ruin**
rule
ruler
run
rural**
rush
Russia
Russian
S
sad
safe
safety
sail**
salad
salary**
sale
salesman/saleswoman**
salt
salty**
same
sample**
sand
sandwich
satellite**
satisfaction*
satisfy
Saturday
saucer**
sausage**
save
saving**
say
saying**
scare*
scarf
scene*
schedule*
scholarship**
school
schoolbag
science
scientific**
scientist
scissors
score
scream**
screen
sculpture**
sea
search
season
seat
second
secondary**
secret
secretary
section*
secure**
security**
see
seed**
seek*
seem
seize**
seldom
select*
sell
send
senior*
sense
sensitive**
sentence
separate
September
series*
serious
servant**
serve
service
session**
set
setting**
settle*
seven
seventeen
seventh
seventy
several
severe**
sew**
sex*
shade**
shadow**
shake
shall
shallow*
shame
shape
share
shark**
sharp*
shave**
she
sheep
sheet*
shelf**
shelter**
shift**
shine
ship
shirt
shock*
shoe
shoot*
shop
shore**
short
shortage**
shorts
should
shoulder
shout
show
shower
shut
shy
sick
side
sight*
sign
signal*
significant*
silence
silent
silk
silly
silver
similar
simple
since
sincerely**
sing
single
sink**
sir
sister
sit
site*
situation
six
sixteen
sixth
sixty
size
skate
skateboard**
ski*
skill
skin*
skip**
skirt
sky
sleep
sleepy
slice**
slide*
slightly*
slim*
slip**
slow
small
smart
smell
smile
smog*
smoke
smooth
snack*
snake
sneeze**
snow
snowy
so
soccer*
social
socialist**
society
sock
sofa
soft
software*
soil**
solar**
soldier**
solid**
solution*
solve
some
somebody
somehow*
someone
something
sometimes
somewhat**
somewhere
son
song
soon
sorrow**
sorry
sort*
soul**
sound
soup
sour**
source*
south
southern
sow**
space
spare
speak
speaker
special
specialist**
species**
specific*
speech
speed
spell
spend
spirit
splendid**
sponsor**
spoon
sport
spot**
spread
spring
spy**
square
stability**
stadium**
staff*
stage*
stair*
stamp
stand
standard
star
stare**
start
starve**
state
station
statistic**
statue**
stay
steak**
steal
steam**
steel**
step
stick
still
stimulate**
stomach
stomachache
stone
stop
store
storm
story
straight
straightforward**
strait**
strange
stranger
strategy*
strawberry
stream**
street
strength*
strengthen**
stress*
stretch**
strict
strike**
string**
strong
structure**
struggle*
student
studio*
study
stuff*
stupid
style*
subject
subjective**
submit**
subscribe**
subsequent**
substance**
substantial**
suburb**
subway*
succeed
success
successful
such
sudden
suffer*
sufficient*
sugar
suggest
suggestion
suit**
suitable**
sum**
summary*
summer
sun
Sunday
sunny
super*
superb**
superior**
supermarket
supply*
support
suppose
sure
surf*
surface
surgeon**
surgery**
surprise
surround*
surrounding**
survey
survive*
suspect**
suspend**
sustain**
sweat*
sweater
sweep**
sweet
swim
swimming
swing**
switch**
symbol**
sympathy**
symphony**
system*
T
table
tablet**
tackle**
tail
tailor**
take
tale**
talent*
talk
tall
tank**
tape
target*
task
taste
tax**
taxi
tea
teach
teacher
team
teapot**
tear*
technique*
technology
teenager*
telephone
telescope**
television (TV)
tell
temperature
temple**
temporary**
ten
tend*
tendency**
tennis
tension**
tenth
term
terrible
territory**
test
text
than
thank
that
the
theatre
theft**
their
them
theme*
themselves
then
theory**
there
therefore*
these
they
thick
thin
thing
think
thinking**
third
thirsty
thirteen
thirty
this
thorough**
those
though
thought
thousand
threat**
threaten**
three
through
throughout*
throw
thunder**
Thursday
thus*
ticket
tidy
tie
tiger
tight**
time
tiny
tip*
tired
tissue*
title*
to
toast**
tobacco**
today
together
toilet
tolerate**
tomato
tomorrow
ton
tone**
tonight
too
tool
tooth (pl. teeth)
toothache
top
topic*
total
touch
tough*
tour
tourist
tournament**
toward(s)
towel**
tower
town
toy
track*
trade
tradition*
traditional
traffic
train
training
transform**
translate
transport*
trap**
travel
treasure
treat
treatment*
tree
trend**
trial**
trick**
trip
trouble
trousers
truck
true
trunk**
trust
truth
try
T-shirt
tube**
Tuesday
tune**
turkey*
turn
twelfth
twelve
twentieth
twenty
twice
twin**
two
type*
typhoon**
typical*
U
ugly
UK
ultimately**
umbrella
uncle
under
underground
understand
uniform**
unique*
unit
universe**
university
unless
until(till)
unusual**
up
update*
upon
upper*
upset**
urban**
urge**
urgent**
US
us
use
used
useful
usual
usually
V
vacation
valley**
valuable
value
variation**
variety*
various*
vary**
vase**
vast**
vegetable
vehicle*
venue**
version**
very
victim**
victory
video
view*
village
violence**
violin
virtual**
virtue**
virus**
visible**
vision**
visit
visitor
visual**
vital**
vivid**
vocabulary**
voice
volcano*
volleyball
volume**
volunteer*
vote**
W
wage**
waist**
wait
wake
walk
wall
wallet
wander**
want
war
ward**
warm
warn
warning**
wash
washroom**
waste
watch
water
watermelon
wave**
way
we
weak
wealth
weapon**
wear
weather
website
wedding*
Wednesday
weed**
week
weekday
weekend
weekly**
weep**
weigh
weight
welcome
welfare**
well
west
western
wet
whale*
what
whatever
wheat**
wheel
when
whenever
where
whether
which
while
whisper**
white
who
whole
whom
whose
why
wide
widespread**
wife
Wi-Fi*
wild
will
win
wind
window
windy
wine*
wing
winner
winter
wire**
wisdom**
wise
wish
with
withdraw**
within*
without
witness**
woman (pl. women)
wonder
wonderful
wood
wool**
word
work
worker
world
worry
worse
worst
worth
worthwhile**
worthy**
would
wound
wrap**
wrestle**
wrinkle**
wrist**
write
writer
wrong
X
X-ray
Y
yard
year
yellow
yes
yesterday
yet
yoghurt*
you
young
your
yours
yourself
youth*
Z
zero
zone**
zoo


附录2 语法项目一览
说明:
不带*号的项目是义务教育阶段学习过的项目(参见2011版《义务教育英语课程标准》)。这些项目还会大量出现在高中阶段更加丰富的语境中,是高中必修课程应该熟练掌握的内容。带*号的项目是高中必修课程要求学习和掌握的项目。带**号的项目是选择性必修课程要求学习和掌握的项目。带***号的项目是选修课程(提高类)要求学习和掌握的项目。
一、词类
1. 名词
(1)可数名词及其单、复数
(2)不可数名词
(3)专有名词
(4)名词所有格
2. 动词
(1)动词的基本形式
(2)及物动词和不及物动词
(3)系动词
(4)助动词
(5)情态动词
3. 形容词
(1)形容词的基本形式
(2)形容词的比较级和最高级
4. 副词
(1)副词的基本形式
(2)副词的比较级和最高级
5. 代词
(1)人称代词
(2)物主代词
(3)反身代词
(4)指示代词
(5)不定代词
(6)疑问代词
6. 数词
(1)基数词
(2)序数词
7. 介词
8. 连词
9. 冠词
10. 感叹词
二、构词法
1. 合成法
2. 派生法
3. 转化法
4. 缩写和简写
三、句法
1.句子种类
(1)陈述句
(2)疑问句
a. 一般疑问句
b. 特殊疑问句
c. 选择疑问句
d. 附加疑问句
(3)祈使句
(4)感叹句
2. 句子成分:按结构分类**
(1)名词短语
(2)动词短语
(3)形容词短语
(4)副词短语
(5)介词短语
3. 句子成分:按功能分类
(1)主语(S)
(2)谓语(指谓语部分的主要动词,也称谓词)(V)
(3)宾语(O)
(4)补语(C)
(5)状语(A)
(6)表语(P)
(7)定语(Attr.)
4. 基本句型
(1)主谓(主语+谓词,下同)(SV)
The bus is coming.
(2)主(系)表(SP)
Amy is kind.
(3)主谓宾(SVO)
John opened the fridge.
(4)主谓宾宾(SVOO)
My uncle bought me a new dictionary.
(5)主谓宾补(SVOC)
Most students have found her helpful.
(6)主谓状(SVA)
The children stayed in the room.
(7)主谓宾状(SVOA)
You can put the dish here.
(8)存现句
There is a tree behind the shop.
5. 谓语动词的时态
(1)一般现在
(2)一般过去
(3)一般将来
(4)现在进行
(5)过去进行
(6)现在完成
(7)过去将来*
(8)将来进行**
(9)过去完成**
(10)现在完成进行**
6. 被动语态
(1)一般现在时的被动语态
(2)一般过去时的被动语态
(3)一般将来时的被动语态
(4)现在进行时的被动语态*
(5)现在完成时的被动语态*
(6)过去进行时的被动语态**
(7)过去完成时的被动语态**
7.动词的非谓语形式
(1)动词不定式(作宾语、补语、目的状语、定语*、结果状语*、主语**、表语**)
(2)动词的-ing形式(作定语*、状语*、补语*、主语**、宾语**、表语**)
(3)动词的-ed形式(作定语*、状语*、补语*、表语**)
8. 主谓一致
9. 并列复合句
10. 主从复合句
(1)宾语从句
(2)状语从句
(3)定语从句
a. 由关系代词that、which、who、whom、whose和关系副词when、where、why引导的限制性定语从句*
b. 由关系代词which、who、whom、whose和关系副词when和where引导的非限制性定语从句**
(4)主语从句**
(5)表语从句**
(6)同位语从句***
11. 省略*
12. 倒装***
13. 强调***
14. 虚拟语气***

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